Political Science/राजनीति विज्ञान

Political Science and International Relations

Paper I (Political Theory and Indian Politics:)

  • Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
  • Theories of the State:  Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
  • Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques
  • Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
  • Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
  • Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
  • Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
  • Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism
    and Feminism.
  • Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo,  M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy .
  • Western Political Thought: Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John
    S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.

Indian Government and Politics:

  • Indian Nationalism:
    • Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle: Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and revolutionary movements, Peasant and workers’ movements.
    • Perspectives on Indian National Movement: Liberal, Socialist and Marxist;
      Radical humanist and Dalit.
  • Making of the Indian Constitution: Legacies of the British rule; different social
    and political perspectives.
  • Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and  Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
  • Basic numeric skills of the class X level such as numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude and data interpreatation.
  • Principal Organs of the Union Government: Envisaged role and actual working of  the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
  • Principal Organs of the State Government: Envisaged role and actual working
    of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
  • Grassroots Democracy: Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government significance of 73 and 74 rd Amendments; Grassroot movements.
  • Statutory Institutions/Commissions:  Election Commission, Comptroller and
    th Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission,
    National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights
    Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes
    Commission.
  • Federalism: Constitutional provisions; changing nature of centre-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
  • Planning and Economic Development : Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalilzation and economic reforms.
  • Caste, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
  • Party System: National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behaviour; changing socio- economic profile of Legislators.
  • Social Movements: Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.

POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Paper II (Political Theory and Indian Politics)

  • Comparative Politics: Nature and major approaches; political economy and
    political sociology perspectives; limitations of the comparative method.
  • State in comparative perspective: Characteristics and changing nature of the
    State in capitalist and socialist economies, and, advanced industrial and developing societies.
  • Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques
  • Politics of Representation and Participation: Political parties, pressure groups
    and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies.
  • Globalisation:  Responses from developed and developing societies.
  • Approaches to the Study of International Relations: Idealist, Realist, Marxist,
    Functionalist and Systems theory.
  • Key concepts in International Relations: National interest, Security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalisation.
  • Changing International Political Order:
    • Rise of super powers; strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and Cold War; nuclear threat;
    • Nonaligned movement: Aims and achievements;
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
  • Evolution of the International Economic System: From Brettonwoods to  WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance);  Third  World demand for new international economic order; Globalisation of the world economy.
  • United Nations: Envisaged role and actual record; specialized UN agenciesaims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
  • Regionalisation of World Politics:  EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
  • Contemporary Global Concerns:  Democracy, human rights, environment,
    gender justice, terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
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